The Lophius skull
has more space than bone (Fig. 2) and its flexibility, morphing from flat to wide open, sucks in small prey swimming too close to that wicked toothy gaping mouth. Like its sisters, many cheek bones are absent or greatly reduced in this taxon. Atypical for fish, the intertemporal contacts the tabular and the supratemporal rims both laterally. I think the vomers have the longest teeth, and they are rotated toward the throat… unless the premaxilla has two rows of teeth… which seems less likely.
Lophius americanus (Rafinesque 1810; up to 1.5m in length) is the extant goosefish or monkfish. The closest relative in the LRT is the electric eel, Electrophorus (Fig. 3). The pelvic fins are small and anteroventral to the pectoral fins.
every additional fish taxon simply drops into place, rather than pushing taxa into other nodes. That means a good way to build a cladogram is a taxon at a time.
Rafinesque CS 1810. Caratteri di alcuni nuovi generi e nuove specie di animali e piante della sicilia, con varie osservazioni sopra i medisimi. Per le stampe di Sanfilippo: Palermo, Italy. pp. 105, 20 fold. Pl., online