Brown et al. 2004
described this diminutive (1.1m tall) Indonesian “hobbit” (Fig. 1) from 190,000–50,000 years ago.
Is this a species distinct from Homo sapiens?
The consensus says “Yes.” But many workers identified the best skull as a severely pathological Homo sapiens. We’ve seen this in our branch of paleontology when workers describe things they desire to see rather than things that are present (or absent) and to disregard taxa and traits that don’t fit their world view. Better to let the software make the important decisions when bias has any chance of influencing results.
Identifying features of H. floresiensis include:
- smaller body
- smaller cranial capacity
- the form of the teeth
- lack of a chin
- smaller angle in the humerus head
That’s not a long list
because the hobbit is indeed very close to extant humans.
Brown P et al. 2004. A new small-bodied hominin from the Late Pleistocene of Flores, Indonesia. Nature. 431 (7012): 1055–1061.
and other links therein