A large gamut phylogenetic analysis,
like the large reptile tree (LRT, 1036 taxa, subset Fig. 2) should be able to find problems with smaller, more focused studies (Fig. 1) simply by virtue of its larger gamut. That one factor minimizes taxon exclusion issues, one of the biggest problems facing today’s vertebrate cladists. To that end, today we’ll take a look at the cladogram of Huttenlocker et al. 2013 (Fig. 1), which focuses on basal tetrapod (pre-reptile and microsaur) relationships.
Not every taxon tested by Huttenlocker et al.
(Fig. 1) appears in the LRT (Fig. 2). And vice versa. The light green areas are all in one clade, the Lepospondyli, on the LRT. Note they form a large majority of taxa in the Huttenlocker et al. cladogram. That some nest with basalmost tetrapods and temnospondyls appears to be yet another case of taxon exclusion by Huttenlocker. Nearly all the taxa are lepospondyls with just two clades, Eryops and the Reptilomorpha, breaking them up. Had they added more Eryops kin and more Reptilomorpha, plus some missing basal lepospondyls, like Utegenia (widely considered another reptilomorh/seymouriamorph), and some even more basal sarcopterygian/ basal tetrapods, as they appear in the LRT, perhaps the tree topologies would start to look more alike.
Huttenlocker AK, Small BJ, Pardo JD and Anderson JS 2013. Cranial morphology of recumbirostrans (Lepospondyli) from the Permian of Kansas and Nebraska, and early morphological evolution inferred by micro-computed tomography. Journal of Vertebrate Paleontology 33:540–552.