Bergamodactylus wildi- a new name for the basalmost pterosaur, MPUM 6009

Finding higher resolution data
is always a delight. Here DGS and a reconstruction perhaps reveal more accurate data on a skull of a basal pterosaur than direct observation (Fig. 1). You decide.

Figure 2. Bergamodactylus skull colorized with DGS and reconstructed.

Figure 2. Bergamodactylus skull colorized with DGS and reconstructed.

Kellner (2015)
commented on several Triassic European pterosaurs. Among them, MPUM 6009 was originally described as a juvenile Eudimorphodon by Wild (1978) and later congeneric with the basal anurognathid, Carniadactylus by Dalla Vecchia (2009). Peters (2007) nested this specimen as the basalmost pterosaur, though this reference was not listed. Kellner (2015) reported “no indication that MPUM 6009 is a juvenile.” confirming the assessment here.

Bergamodactylus wildi
is the new name for MPUM 6009 a Late Triassic (Norian) basal pterosaur from Bergamo, Italy. Unfortunately the tracing of the specimen is very vague (Fig. 1). Both jugals are drawn as one and many bones are not identified. This is remedied by DGS, which not only identifies left and right bones, but enables an accurate reconstruction with all parts fitting as in other articulated pterosaurs. Note the twin anterior dentary extensions. Are those teeth? A keratin extension has been hypothesized for other basal pterosaurs. Part of the maxilla ascending process is broken and flipped but repaired above. The posterior process of the left postorbital is broken like a wishbone. Here (Fig. 1) it is repaired to resemble the right postorbital. The occiput is identified along with several hyoids that were overlooked earlier. Does the coronoid have a tall triangular process? Perhaps, but that could also be an ectopterygoid. We’ll have to see about that.

Figure 1. Bergamodactylus compared to Cosesaurus. Hypothetical hatchling also shown.

Figure 2. Updated reconstruction of Bergamodactylus to scale with an outgroup, Cosesaurus. Compared to the cranium and declined quadrates, the face appears to be downturned. This only makes sense in a bipedal configuration, as shown.

Dalla Vecchia FM 2009. Anatomy and systematics of the pterosaur Carniadactylus (gen. n.) rosenfeldi (Dalla Vecchia, 1995). Rivista Italiana de Paleontologia e Stratigrafia 115 (2): 159-188.
Kellner AWA 2015. Comments on Triassic pterosaurs with discussion about ontogeny and description of new taxa. Anais da Academia Brasileira de Ciências (2015) 87(2): (Annals of the Brazilian Academy of Sciences) Printed version ISSN 0001-3765 / Online version ISSN 1678-2690.
Nesbitt SJ and Hone DWE 2010. An external mandibular fenestra and other archosauriform character states in basal pterosaurs. Palaeodiversity 3: 225-233.
Peters D 2007. The origin and radiation of the Pterosauria. In D. Hone ed. Flugsaurier. The Wellnhofer pterosaur meeting, 2007, Munich, Germany. p. 27.
Wild R 1978. Die Flugsaurier (Reptilia, Pterosauria) aus der Oberen Trias von Cene bei Bergamo, Italien. Bolletino della Societa Paleontologica Italiana 17(2): 176–256.



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